baby lying on back playing with educator

As a child's first form of independent movement, rolling is important for the development of core strength and whole body coordination. Babies can begin rolling from 3-4 months. 

Teaching tips
  • Place objects or soft toys just out of reach
  • Ensure baby is given plenty of tummy time to allow independent movement


Exploring Rolling

  • Carry baby in different positions to allow them to generate strength in new muscles
  • Encourage attempts to roll independently
  • Place toys to the side of baby to reach for
  • Join in songs and movement activities
  • Engage baby by using noise, light and sound

Always ensure you place baby in safe situations - never leave a baby somewhere (a changing table, couch etc) that they could roll off. 

  • Dangle objects above baby's hands and feet to encourage them to reach and grab with all limbs - dangle these at varying distances to the side to further develop core strength
  • Use light up or noise-maker toys. Place these just out of reach to encourage baby to stretch out to grab them
  • Place baby on soft, flat surfaces 

While encouraging your baby to explore rolling, engage them by making noises with movement. Try;

  • Rocking baby from side to side while lying with their back on the floor
  • Tap their feet with a rattle to encourage them to bring their hands to their feet
  • Laying along side baby and talking to them
  • Read books to baby on an angle that encourages them to turn their head and body towards the pictures
  • Try playing games like Bug Kicks, or Animal Circles
  • Place objects and toys just out of reach to develop core strength

Encourage rolling by limiting time spent in an upright position (carrier, stroller or swing). A baby will often begin to explore rolling by first;

  • Rocking from side to side
  • Lifting legs and feet towards hands when lying on their back
  • Twisting their torso or hips separately from the other
  • Rolling their hips towards an object as they try to reach and grasp

More rolling activities

baby playing with educator
Head and neck control, Catching, Crawling, Rolling, Grasping
acting out story
Balancing, Running, Jumping, Hopping, Walking, Crawling, Galloping, Climbing, Rolling
Head and neck control, Crawling, Rolling, Grasping