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Crawling is an important milestone for children learning to move independently for the first time. Crawling enables babies to learn how to co-ordinate their arms and legs, develops spatial awareness and builds upper body strength. 

Regular tummy time as a baby will build neck, head and upper body strength to allow a baby to crawl. There is no hurry in babies learning to sit, stand or walk, focus instead on providing an environment and experiences that encourage the development of crawling.

Approximately 10% of all babies will never crawl and get around by bottom-shuffling instead. Other babies move directly to pulling up, standing and walking.

  • For these babies, it is important to encourage other activities that build upper arm strength such as digging in the sandpit, lifting and carrying objects, climbing using the arms and squashing big piles of playdough.
Teaching tips

Encourage attempts to crawl. Place interesting objects around the room to crawl to.


  • Placing the child on all fours
  • Place interesting objects just out of reach
  • Getting down on the ground with the child and crawling around with them, you can place your leg on the ground and they can try to crawl over it to a toy
  • Continue to encourage regular tummy time to help babies develop head and neck control and core strength which is needed for crawling
Developing Crawling through play

Introduce some of KIDDO’s engaging and age appropriate activities to encourage crawling:

  1. Crawl together to find teddy in Teddy hide and seek
  2. Roll balls and crawl after them in Playing with balls (babies)
  3. Clean up the rubbish (babies)
  4. Set up fun Crawling obstacle courses
  5. Continue to develop head and neck control to encourage crawling with Exercise ball tummy time

Create safe spaces for attempting to crawl stimulating materials and regular interactions. Try some of the ideas below to encourage babies to explore and develop the skill of crawling

  • Provide the opportunity to crawls on lots of different surfaces, e.g., grass, slopes, footpaths, mats and sand
  • Place pool noodles or rolled up towels for babies to try and move/crawl over
  • Set-up crawling obstacle course with tunnels to crawl through, pillows to crawl over, slopes to crawl down and interesting toys to crawl towards
Common errors
  • Avoid placing babies in walkers, rockers, activity centres and other equipment that limits their movement
  • As babies become mobile, make sure the environment is safe and very small objects are out of reach

More crawling activities

baby clapping
Balancing, Jumping, Galloping, Hopping, Skipping, Crawling
girl crawling out of tunner