Stages of Development

Striking is the most complex of the fundamental movement skills. A form of striking is used in many sports; tennis, teeball, cricket, hockey and golf. Although they all differ, the same mechanical principles apply across all of them. Striking can be introduced in the Foundation year and by Year 2 most children should be able to demonstrate a two-handed strike. Most children will not instinctively know how to demonstrate a two-handed strike.

Teaching tips

Begin striking with light implements, such as pool noodles. Use the KIDDO vocabulary to guide your child's technique as they begin their development;

  1. Hands together
  2. Ready: stand side on to the ball (use markers to assist)
  3. Eyes on the ball
  4. Step & Swing – step with the front foot towards the target (use a marker to step on to)
Developing Striking through play

With younger children, introduce them to the skill of striking with reduced instruction. 

  • Use hands as your striking implement to start with and hit balloons or soft balls hanging from trees
  • Next try using pool noodles for a bat and hitting large soft balls
  • Focus on standing side on to the ball or object and having eyes on the ball
  • Hitting medium sized soft balls off the ground, or small cricket tees is an excellent way to introduce striking

As they develop an understanding of how to strike, introduce technique;

  • Use markers or chalk as a guide for where children should place their feet
  • Opt for easy-to-succeed games, such as Build and Destroy or Fetch Cricket

Once your child is able to comfortable strike off a tee, challenge them by;

  • Moving on to teeball tees and smaller balls such as tennis balls
  • Encouraging them to step towards the target with their front foot, use markers to help with this (step & squash the chalk star)
  • Focus on children striking the ball as hard as possible and following through with bat around the body

Develop your child's understanding of power and accuracy by;

Common errors
  • Incorrect grip – hands apart or the wrong way around
  • Standing front on to the target
  • Not stepping
  • No weight transfer
  • No follow-through
  • Not watching the ball

More striking activities

children throwing balls
Kicking (soccer), Overarm Throw, Punt, Striking, Underarm Throw