Balance is a stability skill, it is an essential part of everything we do and affects the development of other locomotor and object control skills.

The ability to run is the key to many sports and everyday activities. It is essential that children are taught the correct technique for running and provided with opportunities to practice.

Jumping is a good skill to assess a child’s timing and rhythm as they need to coordinate their arms and legs to be able to jump effectively.

Hopping is a more advanced skill than jumping as it requires balance and strength. Hopping is a good indicator of being able to maintain balance while moving.

Children are ready to be introduced to the skip by the end of Pre-Primary and should have mastered all aspects of the skip by the end of Year 3.

Children are ready to be introduced to the skill of dodging in Year 2 and should be fine tuning the skill by the end of Year 5.

Most children will not instinctively know how to throw overarm efficiently. Throwing should be introduced towards the end of Kindergarten or in Pre-Primary.

We don’t normally see fully developed catching skills until the ages of 6-9 years. Children need a lot of opportunities to attempt to catch as they learn to track the trajectory of a ball

Kicking can be introduced in Kindergarten and is a skill young children can experience success in relatively easily.

Bouncing the ball while standing still is one of the earliest object control skills to be mastered, however it is much harder to bounce the ball while walking or running.

Dribbling the ball requires controlling the ball while moving with it. This skill can be introduced in Kindergarten as it will help children develop their ball tracking skills.

A form of striking is used in many sports; tennis, teeball, cricket, hockey and golf. Although they all differ, the same mechanical principles apply across all of them.

The most development in a child’s life happens in the first 12 months as they develop purposeful movements such as holding their head up, grasping, and rolling

From 6-12 months babies will be on the move! Encourage movement and exploration in a safe and stimulating environment to develop muscle strength.


  1. Department of Education WA (2013) Fundamental movement skills: Book 2 – The tools for learning, teaching and assessment
  2. NSW Department of Education and Training (2000) Get skilled: Get active
  3. Gallahue, D.L., Ozmun, J.C., & Goodway, J.D. (2012). Understanding motor development: Infants, children, adolescents, adults (7th edn). New York: McGraw Hill.